Commands@cmd

ADDUSERS Add or list users to/from a CSV file
ARP      Address Resolution Protocol
ASSOC    Change file extension associations
ASSOCIAT One step file association
AT       Schedule a command to run at a later time
ATTRIB   Change file attributes
BOOTCFG  Edit Windows boot settings
BROWSTAT Get domain, browser and PDC info
CACLS    Change file permissions
CALL     Call one batch program from another
CD       Change Directory - move to a specific Folder
CHANGE   Change Terminal Server Session properties
CHKDSK   Check Disk - check and repair disk problems
CHKNTFS  Check the NTFS file system
CHOICE   Accept keyboard input to a batch file
CIPHER   Encrypt or Decrypt files/folders
CleanMgr Automated cleanup of Temp files, recycle bin CLEARMEM Clear memory leaks
CLIP     Copy STDIN to the Windows clipboard.
CLS      Clear the screen CLUSTER  Windows Clustering
CMD      Start a new CMD shell
COLOR    Change colors of the CMD window
COMP     Compare the contents of two files or sets of files
COMPACT  Compress files or folders on an NTFS partition COMPRESS Compress
individual files on an NTFS partition
CON2PRT  Connect or disconnect a Printer CONVERT  Convert a FAT drive to NTFS.
COPY     Copy one or more files to another location
CSVDE    Import or Export Active Directory data
DATE     Display or set the date Dcomcnfg DCOM Configuration Utility
DEFRAG   Defragment hard drive
DEL      Delete one or more files
DELPROF  Delete NT user profiles
DELTREE  Delete a folder and all subfolders
DevCon   Device Manager Command Line Utility
DIR      Display a list of files and folders
DIRUSE   Display disk usage
DISKCOMP Compare the contents of two floppy disks
DISKCOPY Copy the contents of one floppy disk to another DNSSTAT DNS Statistics
DOSKEY   Edit command line, recall commands, and create macros
DSADD    Add user (computer, group..) to active directoryDSQUERY
List items in active directory
DSMOD    Modify user (computer, group..) in active directory
ECHO     Display message on screen
ENDLOCAL End localisation of environment changes in a batch file
ERASE    Delete one or more files
EXIT     Quit the CMD shell
EXPAND   Uncompress files
EXTRACT  Uncompress CAB files
FC       Compare two files
FDISK    Disk Format and partition
FIND     Search for a text string in a file
FINDSTR  Search for strings in files
FOR /F   Loop command: against a set of files
FOR /F   Loop command: against the results of another command
FOR      Loop command: all options Files, Directory, List
FORFILES Batch process multiple files
FORMAT   Format a disk FREEDISK Check free disk space (in bytes)
FSUTIL   File and Volume utilities
FTP      File Transfer Protocol
FTYPE    Display or modify file types used in file extension associations
GLOBAL   Display membership of global groups
GOTO     Direct a batch program to jump to a labelled line
HELP     Online Help
HFNETCHK Network Security Hotfix Checker
IF       Conditionally perform a command
IFMEMBER Is the current user in an NT Workgroup
IPCONFIG Configure IP
KILL     Remove a program from memory
LABEL    Edit a disk label
LOCAL    Display membership of local groups
LOGEVENT Write text to the NT event viewer.
LOGOFF   Log a user off
LOGTIME  Log the date and time in a file
MAPISEND Send email from the command line
MEM      Display memory usage
MD       Create new folders
MODE     Configure a system device
MORE     Display output, one screen at a time
MOUNTVOL Manage a volume mount point
MOVE     Move files from one folder to another
MOVEUSER Move a user from one domain to another
MSG      Send a message
MSIEXEC  Microsoft Windows Installer
MSINFO   Windows NT diagnostics
MSTSC    Terminal Server Connection (Remote Desktop Protocol)
MUNGE    Find and Replace text within file(s)
MV       Copy in-use files  
NET      Manage network resources
NETDOM   Domain Manager
NETSH    Configure network protocols
NETSVC   Command-line Service Controller
NBTSTAT  Display networking statistics (NetBIOS over TCP/IP)
NETSTAT  Display networking statistics (TCP/IP)
NOW      Display the current Date and Time
NSLOOKUP Name server lookup
NTBACKUP Backup folders to tape
NTRIGHTS Edit user account rights
PATH     Display or set a search path for executable files
PATHPING Trace route plus network latency and packet loss
PAUSE    Suspend processing of a batch file and display a message
PERMS    Show permissions for a user
PERFMON  Performance Monitor
 PING     Test a network connection
POPD     Restore the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD
PORTQRY  Display the status of ports and services
PRINT    Print a text file
PRNCNFG  Display, configure or rename a printer
PRNMNGR  Add, delete, list printers set the default printer 
PROMPT   Change the command prompt
PsExec     Execute process remotely
PsFile     Show files opened remotely
PsGetSid   Display the SID of a computer or a user
PsInfo     List information about a system
PsKill     Kill processes by name or process ID
PsList     List detailed information about processes
PsLoggedOn Who's logged on (locally or via resource sharing)
PsLogList  Event log records PsPasswd   Change account password
PsService  View and control services
PsShutdown Shutdown or reboot a computer
PsSuspend  Suspend processes
PUSHD    Save and then change the current directory
QGREP    Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern.
RASDIAL  Manage RAS connections
RASPHONE Manage RAS connections
RECOVER  Recover a damaged file from a defective disk.
REG      Read, Set or Delete registry keys and values
REGEDIT  Import or export registry settings
REGSVR32 Register or unregister a DLL
REGINI   Change Registry Permissions
REM      Record comments (remarks) in a batch file
REN      Rename a file or files.
REPLACE  Replace or update one file with another
RD       Delete folder(s)
RDISK    Create a Recovery Disk
RMTSHARE Share a folder or a printer
ROBOCOPY Robust File and Folder Copy
ROUTE    Manipulate network routing tables
RUNAS    Execute a program under a different user account
RUNDLL32 Run a DLL command (add/remove print connections)
SC       Service Control
SCHTASKS Create or Edit Scheduled Tasks
SCLIST   Display NT Services
ScriptIt Control GUI applications
SET      Display, set, or remove environment variables
SETLOCAL Control the visibility of environment variables
SETX     Set environment variables permanently
SHARE    List or edit a file share or print share
SHIFT    Shift the position of replaceable parameters in a batch file
SHORTCUT Create a windows shortcut (.LNK file)
SHOWGRPS List the NT Workgroups a user has joined
SHOWMBRS List the Users who are members of a Workgroup
SHUTDOWN Shutdown the computer
SLEEP    Wait for x seconds
SOON     Schedule a command to run in the near future
SORT     Sort input
START    Start a separate window to run a specified program or command
SU       Switch User
SUBINACL Edit file and folder Permissions, Ownership and Domain
SUBST    Associate a path with a drive letter
SYSTEMINFO List system configuration
TASKLIST List running applications and services
TIME     Display or set the system time
TIMEOUT  Delay processing of a batch file
TITLE    Set the window title for a CMD.EXE session
TOUCH    Change file timestamps
TRACERT  Trace route to a remote host
TREE     Graphical display of folder structure
TYPE     Display the contents of a text file
USRSTAT  List domain usernames and last login
VER      Display version information
VERIFY   Verify that files have been saved
VOL      Display a disk label
WHERE    Locate and display files in a directory tree
WHOAMI   Output the current UserName and domain
WINDIFF  Compare the contents of two files or sets of files
WINMSD   Windows system diagnostics
WINMSDP  Windows system diagnostics II
WMIC     WMI Commands
XCACLS   Change file permissions
XCOPY    Copy files and folders

 

Top 8 Ways To Make Your Windows XP Super Fast

This Tweak is meant for increasing the performance of Windows XP, it ca either be a fresh installation or a old one .This tweak surely increase the performance for your computer .

1. Disable Dos 8.3 naming in Windows Xp.(Consumes lot of resources)

Windows XP uses two different names for each file on your computer. One is the name that you see in explorer and in the command prompt, and the other is an MSDOS compatible 8.3 (8 character title followed by a ‘.’ .Then three more characters to indicate the type of file) name. If you are intending to run DOS only software, or connect to pre-Windows 95 computers, you will need this second set of names. If not, you are simply wasting resources. To disable the 8.3 naming convention:

Open REGEDIT (Start, Run, regedit)

Navigate to :

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\ System\ CurrentControlSet\ Control\ FileSystem

Change the value of the NtfsDisable8dot3NameCreation to ‘1′

2.) Right-click on My Computer icon on Desktop and select Properties, now goto Advanced tab in new window and click on Settings button in Performance section click on settings :

Now uncheck all the options in Visual Effects, but u can check following options :

1.) Show window contents while dragging.
2.) Smooth edges of screen fonts.
3.) Use common tasks in folders (If u use the left side pane in My computer, I don’t use it.)

4.) Show translucent selection rectangle
5.) Use drop shadows on icon labels on the desktop. (to make the desktop icons label transparent.)
6.) Use visual styles on windows and buttons.

3.)Now I’ll tell some Registry tricks, which can be applied without any problem and I am sure this trick will surely increase the performance of your system. Just copy paste following code in Notepad and save the file with any name but the extension of the file must be .REG , and after that run the file and then click on yes :

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Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer]
“Link”=hex:00,00,00,00

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Notepad]
“StatusBar”=dword:00000001

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop]
“AutoEndTasks”=”1″
“HungAppTimeout”=”1000″
“MenuShowDelay”=”8″
“WaitToKillAppTimeout”=”2000″
“LowLevelHooksTimeout”=”1000″

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Drive\Shell\DosHere\Command]
@=”%windir%\\System32\\cmd.exe /k cd \”%1\””

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer]
“NoLowDiskSpaceChecks”=dword:00000001
“ClearRecentDocsOnExit”=dword:00000001
“NoRecentDocsHistory”=hex:01,00,00,00
“LinkResolveIgnoreLinkInfo”=dword:00000001
“NoResolveSearch”=dword:00000001
“NoResolveTrack”=dword:00000001
“NoInternetOpenWith”=dword:00000001

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Notepad]
“fWrap”=dword:00000001

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\CLSID\{87D62D94-71B3-4b9a-9489-5FE6850DC73E}\InProcServer32]
@=hex(2):00

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control]
“WaitToKillServiceTimeout”=”0″
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4.Go To Control Panel And Open Sound & Audio Devices in Control Panel (or type mmsys.cpl in RUN), goto Sounds tab and select No Sounds in Sound Scheme section. Or u can remain some of ur favorite sounds there but set Exit Windows, Start Windows, Windows Logoff, Windows Logon to (None).

5.Start -> Run and type msconfig, now goto Startup tab and uncheck the entries, which u don’t want to start automatically with the windows, like u some softwares, and many more.

6.Open Tools -> Folder Options and click on View tab:
Now uncheck following options:

a.) Automatically search for network folders & printers.
b.) Display file size information in folder tips.
c.) Display simple folder view in Explorer’s Folders list.
d.) Show encrypted or compressed NTFS files in color. (I don’t use this option.)
e.) Show pop-up description for folder and desktop icons.
f.) Use simple file sharing.

Other remaining options are totally based upon user’s requirements, they usually don’t affect the performance! So u can enable/disable them acc. to ur requirements.

7.List of Automatic services in Windows Xp and which of them can Be Disabled .Guys these are the services in Windows which start automatically when windows starts and they also consume lot of resources making your bootup speed slow. To disable some of the services go to:-

Start -> Run and type msconfig, now goto Services tab and uncheck the entries which u dont need .Below is detailed information about them:-

Alerter (service.exe)

Depends on the Workstation service, Set to ‘Manual’ By DEFAULT.This service is used to send alerts directly to adminstrators on networks. If dont use this service, and dont want the machine sending alerts then this services can be disabled.
—————————————————————————————–

Application Layer Gateway Service (alg.exe)

Service is required to allow the machine to share its internet connection. This service is set to ‘manual’ by default. If not sharing then then this service can be disabled. Doesnt depend on any other services working.
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Automattic updates

If you dont want you PC upgrade itself then you can just disable this service. But do remember to keep your PC up-to-date. This service needs ‘Background Intelligent Transfer Service’ set to manual as to be to download the updates.
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Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS)

I believe only ‘Automattic update’ needs this to receive update files. Can be disabled, but you wont need to, as it is only activated when required.
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Clipbook

This not the clipboard, but something very simular. Allows clipboards to be shared accross machines. But yet to know anyone who actually uses this. Can be disabled.
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COM+ Event System (svchost.exe)

Depends on the ‘Remote Procedure Call (RPC)’ working
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COM+ System Application (dllhost.exe)

Certain applications use this application (see C:\Program Files\ComPlus Applications). If stopped, some application will not work, and even if they do, your likely to receive loads of warning messages. Service is set to ‘manual’ by default and is often advised left at this setting.
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Computer Browser (svchost.exe)

Used to maintain the list of computers attached to network. Though it seems the network can still be browsed with this service disabled so not quite sure what function it actually performs, maybe for running the network ‘master’controller. This service is on by default, by if not using a network, can be disabled.
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Cryptographic Services (svchost.exe)

Allows software signatures to be checked. It handles software signatures. You will need this service as to install certain types of software and often windows updates. This service is on by default, but recommend setting to ‘manual’ as to be used when required.
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DCOM Server Process Launcher (svchost -k DcomLaunch)

Not quite sure what this performs but most be set to automattic for some internal processes to work. If DCOM is switched off, services like defrag will not work, and Work starts producing problem messages.
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DHCP Client (svchost.exe)

This service is on by default and requires your networking services to be already working. This allows your machine to receive an allocated IP address from a server. Which is often required when connecting to the internet or a network. If you don’t use the internet or don’t connect to a network this service can be disabled. Also if do, but your network or internet service provider uses static IPs and you have set a static IP in your TCP/IP settings, then you could disable this service.
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Distributed Link Tracking Client (svchost.exe)

This service is on by default, and may only be necessary if part of a network. It tracks shortcuts accross machines as to make sure the shortcut still works when the location of a file is moved. I normally disable this service unless you have a number of unskilled staff using networked machines.
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DNS Client

Used to resolve DNS names locally by caching, and preforms some local Active Directory domain controller functions. If you are not instending to use the internet or a network, this service can be disabled. Your machine will still resolve DNS names if disabled, but you might see “DNS resolver failed to flush the cache,” errors when “repair” your network connection. Also used for IPSEC.
——————————————————————————–

Error reporting service

This sends your errors to microsoft, if you want to. If you never want to, then disable it.
——————————————————————————–

HTTP SSL
Allow secure connections for software

This service doesnt get used by internet explorer, its available component for which some software might use. Usually can be disabled.
——————————————————————————–

Event Log (services.exe)

This service on by default. It cannot and should not be stopped. It controls the messages sent and displayed in the machine’s event log.
——————————————————————————–

Messenger (services.exe)

This is the ‘net send’ service used for machines to send alert message directly to other machines (nothing to do with MSN messenger). Service is on by default, but can be disabled.
——————————————————————————–

Network DDE & Network DDE DSDM (svchost.exe)

Allows ‘Dynamic Data Exchange’ between computers. The only service that sometimes uses this is the clipbook. Generally can be disabled unless you do use this facility. Also some software (none that know of) may use these services.
——————————————————————————–

Network Connections Service (svchost.exe)

Controls network and internet connections. If you use either, than you need this service, if you dont, then this service can be disabled. Service is set to ‘manual’ by default.
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Network Location Awareness (svchost.exe)

Used in conjuction with Internet Connection Sharing. Service set as ‘manual’ by default. If not using internet connection sharing and not making changes to your dialup or network settings then it can be disabled.
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Printer Spooler

Used to communicate to any printer. If you dont wish to ever print, then disable it.
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Remote Access Connection Manager

This doesnt not create a network connection, as the network will run fine without it. Also wont stop you remote desktop access either. Maybe required for internet sharing.

Task Scheduler

This runs the tasks within task scheduler. If you dont want to ever use windows task scheduling then disable it.
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Telephony (svchost.exe)

Controls anything to do with dialin numbers. Usually used for PCs that are using dialup internet, and some broadband connectionss. Would also be used for fax and voice IP software. If none of this is being used then it could be disabled.
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Themes (svchost.exe)

Usually on by default, and just changes the look of desktop. Can be disabled without any effect other than a different window styles.
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Upload Manager (svchost.exe)

The service on by default, but can be disabled. It has something to do with sending your hardware details to microsoft. Dont think it actually gets used, and turning it off has no side effects.
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Wireless Zero Configuration Service (svchost.exe)

Controls configuration of wireless networking devices. This services is on by default, but if you don’t use wireless networking it can be disabled.

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8.Explore your COMPUTER and then go to %windows/prefetch% folder delete all files in the folder and then restart (make sure u make a backup of the files in some other folder before deleting it ) .Your computer might require more time to boot up for 1 or 2 restarts but after 3 boots it will be super fast.Believe me THIS REALLY HELPS.

Reguarding the backup files if after 5 or 6 restarts you feel that the computer is taking more time (This happens once in thousand times ) then you can replace all the files in the same folder .

WPA2 wireless security for XP

For Windows XP, service pack 2 systems: Install this update to enhance the Windows XP support for Wi-Fi Protected Access 2 (WPA2) options in Wireless Group Policy (WGP), and to help prevent the Windows wireless client from advertising the wireless networks in its preferred networks list. (from a Knowledge Base article)

http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=2726f32f-d52b-4f84-ace8-f7fc20195769&DisplayLang=en

Windows XP Service Pack 3 Build 3244 RC1

Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 3 (SP3) provides new proactive security technologies for Windows XP to better defend against viruses, worms, and hackers along with increased manageability and an improved experience for users.

Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 3 fixes a range of bugs in Windows XP. It doesn’t matter what XP updates you have previously applied to your system, SP3 will update any unpatched, partially patched or completely updated system (it includes all previously released patches and updates). XP SP3 fixes the security holes so you won’t get attacked.

Click here to download.

WiFi Without Routers on Windows XP

Wifi

Gaurav from the N95 Community on Orkut has posted this short guide to help have the benefits of a wifi router without actually having it on Windows XP. Jamal Abid had previously written a similar guide for Windows Vista.

Continue reading

Manage Users and Roles @ network (USRMGR.exe)

Manage Users and Roles @ network  (USRMGR.exe)
so with the help of this exe, you can manage users iff access granted to the user by which you are logged into your pc.

 Download this file Manage Users and Roles @ network (USRMGR.exe)

  • NOTE: change Extension of this file USRMGR.doc to  USRMGR.rar