What is HTML

Basic Tags
<html></html>Creates an HTML document
<head></head>Sets off the title and other information that isn’t displayed on the Web page itself
<body></body>Sets off the visible portion of the document
Header Tags
<title></title>Puts the name of the document in the title bar
Body Attributes
<body bgcolor=?>Sets the background color, using name or hex value
<body text=?>Sets the text color, using name or hex value
<body link=?>Sets the color of links, using name or hex value
<body vlink=?>Sets the color of followed links, using name or hex value
<body alink=?>Sets the color of links on click
Text Tags
<pre></pre>Creates preformatted text
<h1></h1>Creates the largest headline
<h6></h6>Creates the smallest headline
<b></b>Creates bold text
<i></i>Creates italic text
<tt></tt>Creates teletype, or typewriter-style text
<cite></cite>Creates a citation, usually italic
<em></em>Emphasizes a word (with italic or bold)
<strong></strong>Emphasizes a word (with italic or bold)
<font size=?></font>Sets size of font, from 1 to 7
<font color=?></font>Sets font color, using name or hex value
<a href=”URL”></a>Creates a hyperlink
<a href=”mailto:EMAIL”></a>Creates a mailto link
<a name=”NAME”></a>Creates a target location within a document
<a href=”#NAME”></a>Links to that target location from elsewhere in the document
<p>Creates a new paragraph
<p align=?>Aligns a paragraph to the left, right, or center
<br>Inserts a line break
<blockquote></blockquote>Indents text from both sides
<dl></dl>Creates a definition list
<dt>Precedes each definition term
<dd>Precedes each definition
<ol></ol>Creates a numbered list
<li>Precedes each list item and adds a number
<ul></ul>Creates a bulleted list
<li>Precedes each list item and adds the bullet
<div align=?>A generic tag used to format large blocks of HTML; also used for stylesheets
Graphical Elements
<img src=”name”>Adds an image
<img src=”name” align=?>Aligns an image: left, right, center, bottom, top, middle
<img src=”name” border=?>Sets size of border around an image
<hr>Inserts a horizontal rule
<hr size=?>Sets size (height) of rule
<hr width=?>Sets width of rule in percentage or absolute value
<hr noshade>Creates a rule without a shadow
<table></table>Creates a table
<tr></tr>Sets off each row in a table
<td></td>Sets off each cell in a row
<th></th>Sets off the table header (a normal cell with bold, centered text)
Table Attributes
<table border=#>Sets width of border around table cells
<table cellspacing=#>Sets amount of space between table cells
<table cellpadding=#>Sets amount of space between a cell’s border and its contents
<table width=# or %>Sets width of table in pixels or as a percentage of document width
<tr align=?> or <td align=?>Sets alignment for cell(s) (left, center, or right)
<tr valign=?> or <td valign=?>Sets vertical alignment for cell(s) (top, middle, or bottom)
<td colspan=#>Sets number of columns a cell should span (default=1)
<td rowspan=#>Sets number of rows a cell should span (default=1)
<td nowrap>Prevents the lines within a cell from being broken to fit
<frameset></frameset>Precedes the <body> tag in a frames document; can also be nested in other framesets
<frameset rows=”value,value”>Defines the rows within a frameset, using number in pixels or percentage of width
<frameset cols=”value,value”>Defines the columns within a frameset, using number in pixels or percentage of width
<frame>Defines a single frame within a frameset
<noframes></noframes>Defines what will appear on browsers that don’t support frames
Frames Attributes
<frame src=”URL”>Specifies which HTML document should be displayed
<frame name=”name”>Names the frame so it may be targeted by other frames
<frame marginwidth=#>Defines the left and right margins for the frame; must be equal to or greater than 1
<frame marginheight=#>Defines the top and bottom margins for the frame; must be equal to or greater than 1
<frame scrolling=VALUE>Sets whether the frame has a scroll bar; value may equal “yes,” “no,” or “auto.” (The default, as in ordinary documents, is auto.)
<frame noresize>Prevents the user from resizing a frame
For functional forms, you’ll have to run a CGI script. The HTML just creates the appearance of a form.
<form></form>Creates all forms
<select multiple name=”NAME” size=?></select>Creates a scrolling menu. Size sets the number of menu items visible before you need to scroll.
<option>Sets off each menu item
<select name=”NAME”></select>Creates a pulldown menu
<option>Sets off each menu item
<textarea name=”NAME” cols=40 rows=8></textarea>Creates a text box area – columns set the width; rows set the height.
<input type=”checkbox” name=”NAME”>Creates a checkbox – text follows tag.
<input type=”radio” name=”NAME” value=”x”>Creates a radio button – text follows tag
<input type=text name=”foo” size=20>Creates a one-line text area – size sets length in characters.
<input type=”submit” value=”NAME”>Creates a Submit button
<input type=”image” border=0 name=”NAME” src=”name.gif”>Creates a Submit button using an image
<input type=”reset”>Creates a Reset button


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: